General

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Bacterial Infections

Antibiotics

Dynafloc-RGB

SCHEDULING STATUS: S4

PROPRIETARY NAME, STRENGTH AND PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
DYNAFLOC 250 (tablets)
DYNAFLOC 500 (tablets)
DYNAFLOC 750 (tablets)

Read this information carefully before you start taking DYNAFLOC.

  • Keep this information. You may need to read it again.
  • If you have further questions, please ask your doctor or your pharmacist.
  • DYNAFLOC has been prescribed for you personally and you should not share your medicine with other people. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours.

WHAT DYNAFLOC CONTAINS

  • Each DYNAFLOC 250 tablet contains ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate, equivalent to 250 mg ciprofloxacin.
  • Each DYNAFLOC 500 tablet contains ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate, equivalent to 500 mg ciprofloxacin.
  • Each DYNAFLOC 750 tablet contains ciprofloxacin hydrochloride monohydrate, equivalent to 750 mg ciprofloxacin.

WHAT DYNAFLOC IS USED FOR:

DYNAFLOC is used to treat a range of infections caused by bacteria including:

  • Lower respiratory tract infections
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Gastro-intestinal infections (diarrhoea)
  • Bone infections
  • Gonorrhoea (certain bacteria causing a sexually transmitted infection)

BEFORE YOU TAKE DYNAFLOC

Do not take DYNAFLOC:

  • If you are hypersensitive (allergic) to ciprofloxacin, any of the other ingredients of DYNAFLOC or other quinolones (a similar class of antibiotic)
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding your baby (see Pregnancy and breastfeeding)
  • If you are younger than 18 years old or a growing adolescent

Take special care with DYNAFLOC:

  • If you are a diabetic and you are being treated with oral medicine for diabetes or insulin, as DYNAFLOC may affect your blood glucose levels (your doctor may want to monitor your blood glucose at regular intervals)
  • If you have a history of convulsions (fits)
  • If you have a history of kidney stones

It is important to drink sufficient amounts of liquid to remain hydrated whilst taking DYNAFLOC.

Taking DYNAFLOC with food and drink
DYNAFLOC should be swallowed whole with plenty of liquid and may be taken with or without meals.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding:
If you are pregnant or breast feeding your baby, please consult your doctor, pharmacist or other health care professional for advice before taking DYNAFLOC.

DYNAFLOC is not recommended for use during pregnancy (see Do not take DYNAFLOC). 

Driving and using machines:
DYNAFLOC, particularly when combined with alcohol, may cause dizziness. Do not drive or operate any machinery before you know how DYNAFLOC affects you.

Taking other medicines with DYNAFLOC:
Always tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other medicine.

(This includes complementary or traditional medicines.)

Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have taken any of the following:

  • Theophyllin (used to treat asthma), as DYNAFLOC may increase the theophylline levels in your blood and your doctor may want to adjust your dose and monitor you closely
  • Iron supplements or antacids containing magnesium, calcium or sucralfate as DYNAFLOC needs to be taken at least 1-2 hours before, or 4 hours after taking these medications or supplements
  • Fenbufen (anti-inflammatory medication), as the use of DYNAFLOC with fenbufen may result in fits
  • Ciclosporin (used to prevent organ rejection after a transplant). Your doctor may request regular blood tests.
  • Warfarin (used to prevent blood clotting)
  • Glibenclamide (used to treat diabetes)
  • Probenecid (used to treat gout)
  • Metoclopramide (used to treat heartburn)

HOW TO TAKE DYNAFLOC

Do not share medicines prescribed for you with any other person.

Always take DYNAFLOC exactly as your doctor has instructed you. You should check with your doctor if you are unsure. If you have the impression that the effect of DYNAFLOC is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. 

Your doctor will decide on the dosage and duration depending on the severity of your infection.

The usual dose is 250 mg to 750 mg twice daily.

Lower respiratory tract infections
Mild to moderate: The usual dosage is 250-500 mg twice daily
Severe: The usual dosage is 750 mg twice daily

Urinary tract infections
Acute cystitis: The usual dosage is 250 mg twice daily for 3 days.
Mild to moderate cystitis: The usual dosage is 250 mg twice daily.
Severe cystitis: The usual dosage is 500 mg twice daily.

Infections of the skin
The usual dosage is 500 mg twice daily.

Infectious diarrhoea
The usual dosage is 500 mg twice daily.

Bone infections
Mild to moderate: The usual dosage is 500 mg twice daily.
Severe: The usual dosage is 750 mg twice daily.
Treatment may be required for 4-6 weeks or longer.

Gonorrhoea
A single dose of 250 mg is recommended.

Elderly
The doctor will decide on the dosage depending on the severity of your condition.

Impaired liver or kidney function
The doctor may want to adjust your dose depending on your liver or kidney function.

If you take more DYNAFLOC than you should:
In the event of overdosage, consult your doctor or pharmacist. If neither is available, contact the nearest hospital or poison control centre.

If you forget to take DYNAFLOC:
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take a double dose to make up for the forgotten individual doses.

If you take more DYNAFLOC than you should:
In the event of overdosage, consult your doctor or pharmacist. If neither is available, contact the nearest hospital or poison control centre.

If you forget to take DYNAFLOC:
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at the next regularly scheduled time. Do not take a double dose to make up for the forgotten individual doses.

5. POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS:
DYNAFLOC can have side effects. Not all side effects reported for DYNAFLOC are included in this leaflet. Should your general health worsen while taking DYNAFLOC please consult your doctor, pharmacist or other health care professional for advice.

If any of the following happens, stop taking DYNAFLOC and tell your doctor immediately or go to the casualty department at your nearest hospital: 

  • swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, lips, mouth or throat which may cause difficulty in breathing
  • rash or itching
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

These are all very serious side effects. If you have them, you may have had a serious allergic reaction to DYNAFLOC. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

Tell your doctor immediately or go the casualty department at your nearest hospital if you notice any of the following:

  • Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Fainting
  • Convulsions (fits), hallucinations
  • Depression, self-endangering behaviour
  • Confusion
  • Painful swelling of the acchilles (heel) tendon, especially in the elderly
  • Low or high blood sugar in diabetic patients, diabetic coma
  • Severe persistent diarrhoea (pseudomembranous colitis)
  • Stevens Johnson syndrome (serious skin condition resulting in the peeling of skin layers)
  • Liver problems including hepatitis, liver failure
  • Dark urine, passing less urine, blood in the urine

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • Abnormal blood tests including anaemia
  • Kidney stones and kidney problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting, indigestion
  • Stomach pain, flatulence, anorexia
  • Dizziness, headache, tiredness, nervousness
  • Feeling agitated, trembling, anxious
  • Sleeplessness, sweating, nightmares
  • Unsteady movements, muscle weakness
  • Impaired taste and smell
  • Visual disturbances (double vision or colour vision)
  • Ringing in the ears, temporary loss of hearing
  • Joint pain/swelling, muscle pain
  • Various skin conditions including rash, blisters

STORING AND DISPOSING OF DYNAFLOC:

  • Store in a cool, (below 25 °C), dry place.
  • Protect from light.
  • Keep the blisters in the carton until required for use.
  • KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
  • Do not use after the expiry date printed on the container.
  • Return all unused medicine to your pharmacist.
  • Do not dispose of unused medicine in drains and sewerage systems (e.g. toilets).

PRESENTATION OF DYNAFLOC

Blister packs of 10 tablets.

IDENTIFICATION OF DYNAFLOC

DYNAFLOC 250: White or yellowish, 11 mm round, biconvex, film-coated tablets, scored on one side.

DYNAFLOC 500: White or yellowish, 18 x 8 mm oblong, biconvex, film-coated tablets, scored on one side.

DYNAFLOC 750: White or yellowish, 21 x 10 mm oblong, biconvex, film-coated tablets.

REGISTRATION NUMBERS

DYNAFLOC 250: 34/20.1.1/0404
DYNAFLOC 500: 34/20.1.1/0405
DYNAFLOC 750: 34/20.1.1/0406      

NAME AND ADDRESS OF REGISTRATION HOLDER

Pharma Dynamics (Pty) Ltd.
F02
Grapevine House
Steenberg
Office Park
WESTLAKE
7945

DATE OF PUBLICATION

12 March 2003
Version: PD9019A

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